|时间：2019-05-19 20:52:08｜人气：55 |
|89. Bai Hong 白虹 (the first singer queen in China)|
|Bai Hong (02/24/1919—05/28/1992) was born in Peking in a mandarin family. At the beginning of 1931, Shanghai Mingyue Singing & Dancing Ensemble came to Peking to enroll singers and dancers. At the time she was twelve, lovely with white skin. She was accepted and went to Shanghai with the ensemble. Thus she began her career. |
At first she acted operas on stage, such as Three Butterflies, Grape Fairy, Little Painter, etc. Her acting ability was acknowledged. In 1932, her first song was recorded for the gramophone, and through 1933, she already produced many gramophone records. Then the ensemble put an advertisement to introduce her, which made her popular. At that time, many famous singers sang their favorite songs on radios. They earned income from the radio broadcast with business advertisements.
In 1934, the newspaper Grand Evening Post in Shanghai held a competition for female radio singers. They would put the information on their newspaper for which singer, at what time, on which radio and what song she would sing. Audience could listen to whichever singer they liked and then voted for her. The competition began on the twenty-sixth of May and ended on the fourteenth of June. The result was that Bai Hong was voted the first with 9103 votes and Zhou Xuan was the second with 8876 votes. Their photos appeared separately on the cover of Singer Illustrated Magazine, which was first published in August of 1935. She was the first singer queen in China.
In 1934, she acted in the musical film Fairy Maidens and also sang the theme song. In April of 1936, the Mingyue Singing & Dancing Ensemble held a performance for their fifteenth anniversary in Jincheng Theater. The five-scene opera Fairy Maidens was performed. More than sixty famous actors and actresses joined the performance with Bai Hong as the heroine. It was a great success. Afterwards, they went to perform in Nanking city and every night was full house. In July of 1936, the troupe had a tour in the south Asia for one year and returned to Shanghai next July. In 1938, drama acting became popular in Shanghai. She acted the main character in Thunder, and then in Sunrise.
Between 1938 and 1940, she filmed Lady''s Fan, Three Musketeers, and Empress Wu the Great, etc., and also sang the theme songs. From the thirty-first of December in 1940 to the fourth of January in 1941, she performed the European-styled opera Song of the Earth, which described the rebellion of the villagers in the south of the Yangtze River, and which hinted that the Chinese people rose against the Japanese. Therefore, it was forced to stop.
In late 1942, they rehearsed the three-scene opera Song of the Fashion. Round the Chinese New Year in 1943, the opera was shown in Majestic Theater. But as she was exhausted in the rehearsals, once she fainted on the stage. The performance ceased. She was sick for some time. In December of 1944, she held her own concert in Suzhou city. Then two days in January of 1945, she gave her solo concert in Lyceum Theater n Shanghai. The songs she sang were Ave Maria by Schubert, Merry Widow Waltz, Carmen, and many Chinese popular tunes.
In 1936, she married a composer, who was more than ten years older than she, and they had four children. After the surrender of Japan, for most of her time, she sang on the stage, and her husband was the conductor of the orchestra. But on the twenty-fourth of January in 1950, they declared divorce. Then she went to live in Beijing. In August that year, she married an actor. Afterwards, she joined a military ensemble as an actress. She acted the dramas Sunrise and Mother, etc.
During the cultural revolution, she was persecuted and put in prison as she had known the scandals of Jiang Qing when in Shanghai. Luckily she survived. She retired in 1979. But not long after, she was diagnosed to suffer from cancer and died on the twenty-eighth of May in 1992 at the age of seventy-two.