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精品主题 Two Republics in China (1) [1] [2] 【按平板格式阅读】
作者:海外逸士 2019-08-07 20:24:29|最后回复:海外逸士 2019-09-02 21:42:20|人气:517|回复:15
『海外逸士』
海外逸士
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来自:美国新泽西州
时间:2019-08-21 20:50:41|人气:32 海外逸士的留言簿 回复贴子
海外逸士说:Two Republics in China (1)
Part One: The First Republic—The Republic of Chin…
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Yuan wanted to be the new emperor
On the 4th of November, Yuan gave an order to disband the national Party, using their rebellion as a pretext. Simultaneously, he drove all the members of the national Party out of the congress. On the 10th of January, 1914, Yuan dismissed the congress entirely and formed his own council of state, which meant that all the members were his men. He was still dissatisfied with being president. He wanted to be emperor.
To attain his goal, he first had to get international support. In January of 1915, Japan secretly gave Yuan a document containing 21 articles in 5 chapters, through which China should cede to Japan a variety of economic and commercial rights and benefits, such as options on railroads and other profitable fields in Manchuria, and in Shandong province, and also the extension of Japan’s occupation of Luushun and Dalian (two harbor cities) to 99 years, etc. But two articles in particular were unacceptable. One was to employ Japanese advisors in the Chinese central government, in the financial and military fields. The other was to employ Japanese advisors in local police departments. The negotiations ran from the 2nd of February to the 7th of May.
Yuan accepted most of the articles in order to secure Japan’s support for his ambition to be emperor. But such a big secret could not be kept for long and soon the public heard that he was selling them out. Yuan was severely criticized, but to no avail.
Then Yuan’s supporters began to circulate their theory that the republican form of government was not suitable to China. They formed a committee on the political future of China and sent out their men to all the provinces to persuade officials and officers and businessmen to support Yuan as emperor, promising all of them personal benefits. Then such supporters were summoned to the capital as “people’s representatives.” Those representatives formed groups and on the 1st of September handed a petition to the Council of State organized by Yuan) to ask Yuan to be the emperor.
(字数:2021)
海外逸士
相关帖子
精品Two Republics in China (1) by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-07 20:24:29 [人气517]
发帖continued by 海外逸士 at 2019-09-02 21:42:19
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发帖continued by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-28 20:16:58
发帖Restoration of the abdicated emperor by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-26 20:17:51
发帖continued by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-25 20:11:37
发帖continued by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-23 20:27:38
发帖Yuan wanted to be the new emperor by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-21 20:50:41
发帖continued by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-19 20:41:36
发帖continued by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-18 19:38:19
发帖The Ambition of Yuan Shikai by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-16 20:18:14
发帖continued by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-14 20:40:11
发帖continued by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-12 21:02:44
发帖The Establishment of the Republic of China. by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-11 20:57:19
发帖continued by 海外逸士 at 2019-08-10 20:57:46
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